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[TTMIK L1|Lesson 21-25]

Standard

날짜: 7월 2일

출처: TTMIK Level 1

Lesson 21: Negative sentences [부정문]
안 + verb: more colloquial
~지 않다: relatively formal

아직: yet

Lesson 22: 하다 verbs
공부하다: to study
일하다: to work
기억하다: to remember
청소하다: to clean
요리하다: to cook
이사하다: to move
노래하다: to sing
노력하다: to make an effort, to try hard
동의하다: to agree (formal)
-more casual: 네, 그래요/ 저도 그렇게 생각해요/ 같은 생각이에요
인정하다: to admit, to acknowledge
후회하다: to regret
운동하다: to exercise
사랑하다: to love
말하다: to speak, to say
생각하다: to think

Negative sentences with 안:
noun + 안 + 하다

Lesson 23:
누구: who
누구예요/누구세요: who is it?
누가 = 누구+가: WHO when emphasizing who as the subject of an action or state

Lesson 24: Interrogatives [의문사]
왜: why
어떻게: how
얼마: how much (price)
얼마나: how + adjective/adverb

의문사: suspicious death in 추리 소설 (mystery novels)

Lesson 25:
~에서: from [location]
~부터: (starting) from [time, location]
~까지: to, until

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[TTMIK L1|Lesson 18-20]

Standard

날짜: 2016년 6월 25일

출처: TTMIK Level 1

Lesson 18:
어디: where
~에: to, at (existence)
-Also used to mark time and situation
~에서: from (a place), at (action taking place)
지금: now

Note: 에 and 에서 are used way more frequently than 은/는 and 이/가 as they serve to clarify meaning

Lesson 19:
언제: when

Lesson 20: Native Korean numbers
1: 하나 (한~ when before a counter)
2: 둘 (두~)
3: 셋 (세~)
4: 넷 (네~)
5: 다섯
6: 여섯
7: 일곱
8: 여덟
9: 아홉
10: 열

10: 열
20: 스물 (스무~)
30: 서른
40: 마흔
50: 쉰
60: 예순
70: 일흔
80: 여든
90: 아흔

*For numbers 100 and above, sino-Korean numbers are used for the larger units
So, 543983 in a situation where native Korean numbers are to be used would be:
>오십사만 삼천 구백 여든 셋

*When telling time, native Korean numbers are used for the hour and sino-Korean numbers are used for the minutes

*In everyday conversations, native Korean numbers are used for age, but sino-Korean numbers are used in very formal settings (e.g. court of law, news report, official documents)

*Either sino-Korean numbers or native Korean numbers can be used for counting years, but the counters are different in each case

살: counter for age
-Also means fat, flesh