Tag Archives: languagelog

[TTMIK L1|Lesson 18-20]

Standard

날짜: 2016년 6월 25일

출처: TTMIK Level 1

Lesson 18:
어디: where
~에: to, at (existence)
-Also used to mark time and situation
~에서: from (a place), at (action taking place)
지금: now

Note: 에 and 에서 are used way more frequently than 은/는 and 이/가 as they serve to clarify meaning

Lesson 19:
언제: when

Lesson 20: Native Korean numbers
1: 하나 (한~ when before a counter)
2: 둘 (두~)
3: 셋 (세~)
4: 넷 (네~)
5: 다섯
6: 여섯
7: 일곱
8: 여덟
9: 아홉
10: 열

10: 열
20: 스물 (스무~)
30: 서른
40: 마흔
50: 쉰
60: 예순
70: 일흔
80: 여든
90: 아흔

*For numbers 100 and above, sino-Korean numbers are used for the larger units
So, 543983 in a situation where native Korean numbers are to be used would be:
>오십사만 삼천 구백 여든 셋

*When telling time, native Korean numbers are used for the hour and sino-Korean numbers are used for the minutes

*In everyday conversations, native Korean numbers are used for age, but sino-Korean numbers are used in very formal settings (e.g. court of law, news report, official documents)

*Either sino-Korean numbers or native Korean numbers can be used for counting years, but the counters are different in each case

살: counter for age
-Also means fat, flesh

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[TTMIK L1|Lesson 15-17]

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날짜: 2016년 5월 30일

출처: TTMIK Level 1

Lesson 15: Sino-Korean numbers
sino-korean=based on Chinese
숫자: number(s)

0: 영/궁
1: 일
2: 이
3: 삼
4: 사
5: 오
6: 육/륙
7: 칠
8: 팔
9: 구
10: 십
100: 백
1,000: 천
10,000: 만
100,000,000: 억

Sino-Korean numbers are used when talking about dates, for minutes when telling time, and when giving floor numbers.

Lesson 16:
*All Korean verbs end in 다 in their unconjugated/dictionary form
*Taking off “다”gives the verb stem (VS)

Simple Present Tense:
VS with ㅏ/ㅗ as the final vowel + ~아요
VS with other final vowel + ~어요
Exception: 하다 –> 하 + ~여요 –> 하여요/해요

Lesson 17:
Past tense:
VS with ㅏ/ㅗ as final vowel + ~았어요
VS with other final vowel + ~었어요
하다 –> 하 + ~였어요 –> 하였어요/했어요

수다를 떨다: to chat, prattle, gossip

[TTMIK L1|Lesson 9-11]

Standard

날짜: 2014년12월24일

출처: TTMIK Level 1

Lesson 9:
은/는: topic-marking particle
-let people know what you’re going to talk about
-“about…”
-“as for…”
-“unlike other things”
-“different from other things”
-mostly used for contrast, commonly dropped

이/가: subject-marking particle
-marks subject without emphasizing it too much (complex sentences)
-“nothing but”
-“none other than”
-answering questions
-expressing opinion
“뭐가 좋아요?”
“ABC가 좋아요.”
“ABC가 좋아요? XYZ가 좋아요!”
-clarifies meaning, used more commonly than 은/는

이 책 좋아요: This book is good
이 책은 좋아요: This book is good (as opposed to the other ones)
이 책이 좋아요: This book is good (none other than this book is good, in response to “Which book is good?”)

Lesson 10:
있어요: has/have, exists (있다)
없어요: don’t have/doesn’t have, doesn’t exist (없다)

재미있다: to be fun, interesting, amusing
재미없다: to be boring, dull, uninteresting
^fixed expressions => no space between 재미 and 있다/없다

Lesson 11:
~주세요: please give me…

장갑: gloves