Tag Archives: talktomeinkorean

[TTMIK L1|Lesson 18-20]

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날짜: 2016년 6월 25일

출처: TTMIK Level 1

Lesson 18:
어디: where
~에: to, at (existence)
-Also used to mark time and situation
~에서: from (a place), at (action taking place)
지금: now

Note: 에 and 에서 are used way more frequently than 은/는 and 이/가 as they serve to clarify meaning

Lesson 19:
언제: when

Lesson 20: Native Korean numbers
1: 하나 (한~ when before a counter)
2: 둘 (두~)
3: 셋 (세~)
4: 넷 (네~)
5: 다섯
6: 여섯
7: 일곱
8: 여덟
9: 아홉
10: 열

10: 열
20: 스물 (스무~)
30: 서른
40: 마흔
50: 쉰
60: 예순
70: 일흔
80: 여든
90: 아흔

*For numbers 100 and above, sino-Korean numbers are used for the larger units
So, 543983 in a situation where native Korean numbers are to be used would be:
>오십사만 삼천 구백 여든 셋

*When telling time, native Korean numbers are used for the hour and sino-Korean numbers are used for the minutes

*In everyday conversations, native Korean numbers are used for age, but sino-Korean numbers are used in very formal settings (e.g. court of law, news report, official documents)

*Either sino-Korean numbers or native Korean numbers can be used for counting years, but the counters are different in each case

살: counter for age
-Also means fat, flesh

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[TTMIK L1|Lesson 15-17]

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날짜: 2016년 5월 30일

출처: TTMIK Level 1

Lesson 15: Sino-Korean numbers
sino-korean=based on Chinese
숫자: number(s)

0: 영/궁
1: 일
2: 이
3: 삼
4: 사
5: 오
6: 육/륙
7: 칠
8: 팔
9: 구
10: 십
100: 백
1,000: 천
10,000: 만
100,000,000: 억

Sino-Korean numbers are used when talking about dates, for minutes when telling time, and when giving floor numbers.

Lesson 16:
*All Korean verbs end in 다 in their unconjugated/dictionary form
*Taking off “다”gives the verb stem (VS)

Simple Present Tense:
VS with ㅏ/ㅗ as the final vowel + ~아요
VS with other final vowel + ~어요
Exception: 하다 –> 하 + ~여요 –> 하여요/해요

Lesson 17:
Past tense:
VS with ㅏ/ㅗ as final vowel + ~았어요
VS with other final vowel + ~었어요
하다 –> 하 + ~였어요 –> 하였어요/했어요

수다를 떨다: to chat, prattle, gossip

[TTMIK L1|Lesson 12-14]

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날짜: 2014년12월28일

출처: TTMIK Level 1

Wow so I wrote this post a year and a half ago but it’s just been chilling in my drafts… (if anyone’s wondering why the date posted and the date above are so wildly different)

Lesson 12:
맛: taste
맛있어요: It’s tasty/delicious (ma-shi-sseo-yo)
맛없어요: It tastes bad (ma-deob-seo-yo)
아무 맛 없어요: There’s no taste
잘 먹겠습니다: I will eat well, can be said to someone who is treating you
less formal version: 잘 먹을게(요)!
잘 먹었습니다: I ate well, Thank you for the food

Lesson 13/14:
~고 싶어요: I want to…
더: more
-더 먹고 싶어요: I want to eat more
뭐 하고 싶어요?: What do you want to do?

[TTMIK L1|Lesson 9-11]

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날짜: 2014년12월24일

출처: TTMIK Level 1

Lesson 9:
은/는: topic-marking particle
-let people know what you’re going to talk about
-“about…”
-“as for…”
-“unlike other things”
-“different from other things”
-mostly used for contrast, commonly dropped

이/가: subject-marking particle
-marks subject without emphasizing it too much (complex sentences)
-“nothing but”
-“none other than”
-answering questions
-expressing opinion
“뭐가 좋아요?”
“ABC가 좋아요.”
“ABC가 좋아요? XYZ가 좋아요!”
-clarifies meaning, used more commonly than 은/는

이 책 좋아요: This book is good
이 책은 좋아요: This book is good (as opposed to the other ones)
이 책이 좋아요: This book is good (none other than this book is good, in response to “Which book is good?”)

Lesson 10:
있어요: has/have, exists (있다)
없어요: don’t have/doesn’t have, doesn’t exist (없다)

재미있다: to be fun, interesting, amusing
재미없다: to be boring, dull, uninteresting
^fixed expressions => no space between 재미 and 있다/없다

Lesson 11:
~주세요: please give me…

장갑: gloves

[TTMIK L1|Lesson 6-8]

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날짜: 2014년5월21일

출처: TTMIK Level 1

Lesson 6/7:
이: this (close to speaker)
그: that (far from the speaker but close to the listener, or out of both people’s sight)
저: that (far away from both the speaker and the listener)
것: thing (can be added to 이/그/저 to form a pronoun, usually shortened to 거 in spoken language for ease of pronunciation)

사전: dictionary

Lesson 8:
아니에요: I am not, he/she/it is not, they/we are not [present tense]
아니다: to not be

Note: 아니에요 is also commonly used to say “you’re welcome” (although most textbooks would say it’s 천만에요)

[TTMIK L1|Lesson 1-5]

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날짜: 2014년5월18일

출처: TTMIK Level 1

저는 한국어 공부를 약 3년 전에 시작했습니다. 하지만, 대학교 공부 때문에 너무 바쁘게 됬고 지난 1년동안 연습 전혀 못 했어요. 그래서 제가 이미 배운 것을 하나부터 다 복습 하려고 결정을 했습니다.

I first started studying Korean about 3 years ago. However, I haven’t studied much during the past year or so because I was occupied with my university studies. Therefore, I have decided to review all my grammar right from the beginning, and am starting from the  first grammar lesson available at talktomeinkorean.com. Since this is a review, I’m only going to list out the most basic points to take away from each lesson (with minimal or no explanation provided). If anybody has any questions, corrections, or suggestions, please leave a comment.

차~ 복습을 시작하겠습니다!!!

Lesson 1
안녕하세요: Hello
감사합니다: Thank you

안녕: peace
감사: gratitude, appreciation
하다: to do

Lesson 2
네: Yes (agreement)
아니요: No (disagreement)
맞아요: That’s right

Hyunwoo and Kyeong-eun’s Advanced Sample Dialogue:
[현우오빠하고 경은언니의 샘플 대화]

HW: “안녕하세요 경은씨”
“Hello Kyeong-eun”
KE: “네 안녕하세요”
“Hello”
HW: “네 오늘 혹시 시간 있으세요?”
“Is there any chance you’re free today?”
KE: “네 있어요”
“Yes, I am”
HW: “제가 있다가 친구들하고 저녁을 먹을 건데 같이 가실래요?”
“I’m going to have dinner with my friends later, would you like to join us?”
KE: “네 좋아요. 근데 현우씨, 저 부탁이 있는데요… 사실은 제가 지갑을 안 가지고 와서 돈을 좀 내주시면 안돼요?”
“Yes, I would. But Hyunwoo, I have a favour to ask… I forgot to bring my wallet today so could pay for me?”
HW: “아… 아니요”
“Uh…… no”

Lesson 3
안녕히 가세요: Goodbye (said to someone who is leaving)
안녕히 계세요: Goodbye (said to someone who is staying)
가다: to go
계시다: to stay

Lesson 4
죄송합니다: Sorry (used when apologizing)
저기요: Excuse me (used to get someone’s attention)
잠시만요: Just a second (used when passing through a crowd)
잠깐만요: Just a second (used when passing through a crows)
어떡해요?: What should we/you do? (used in place of “I’m sorry to hear that”)

죄송: apology, being sorry, feeling ashamed

Lesson 5
이다: to be
~이에요: am/is/are (follows a word ending in a consonant) – present tense
~예요: am/is/are (follows a word ending in a consonant) – present tense
뭐예요?: What is it?

뭐: what